Most Current Research on Social Change in Canada

Community News & Features Jan 24, 2014 at 5:11 pm

The Philippine Reporter believes that research matters.  Hence, it is publishing information on some of the latest research gems significant to everyone.

These studies are lifted from the SPAR (Social Policy Analysis and Research) Monitor, an inventory of recent social research information relevant to social policy. — Editors

This bulletin is a quick inventory of recent social research information. Its purpose is to promptly disseminate the most current external and internal research relevant to social policy. It is published by City of Toronto’s Social Development, Finance and Aministration Division.


Where You Live Matters: Canadian Views on Health Care Quality

Results from the 2013 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey of the General Public by Canadian Health Care Matters, January 2014.

Canada ranks last among 11 OECD countries in a new survey in terms of how quickly people can get in to see their regular family physicians. Although Canadians have more confidence in the health care system, access to care has not substantially improved and patients are not reporting that their care is better integrated or more patient-centred.

Some of the findings:

• Between three per cent and 15 per cent of Canadians, depending on the province, do not have a regular doctor or clinic

• Accessing medical care after hours without resorting to emergency care is difficult for 62 per cent of Canadians

• Thirty six per cent of Canadians take two or more prescription drugs, among the highest use of prescription drugs of the 11 countries surveyed

• Twenty one per cent of Canadians skipped dental care in the past year due to cost

• Between 23 per cent and 49 per cent of Canadians age 50 or older have never had a test to screen for bowel or colon cancer

For link to the report:


Toronto Youth Equity Strategy

— developed through collective efforts of numerous residents, youth, youth workers and City of Toronto staff, by Social Development, Finance and Administration Division, City of Toronto, January 14, 2014. Warning: Contains language that some readers may find challenging.

The City of Toronto strives to ensure all youth can equally pursue their hopes, dreams and aspirations free of barriers based on race, gender, economic status and geography, and that all youth have the opportunity to meaningfully contribute to Toronto’s strength, vitality and governance.

• Youth violence affects all communities. Young people from all communities engage in violence, regardless of race and class

• Less than half of all youth 15-19 years of age report being victims of violent offenses

• Most youth who commit acts of violence have also been victims of violence

• Poverty and social exclusion from opportunities are key causes of youth violence

• More than 1 in 3 youth charged with a violent offence (34.7%) are unemployed and not in school

For link to the report:,%20Finance%20&%20Administration/Attachment%201%20-%20TYES%20Creative%20Report.pdf


Measuring Government in the Twenty-First Century

An international overview of the size and efficiency of public spending by Livio Di Matteo, the Fraser Institute, December 2013.

This study analyzes the size, growth, efficiency, and cost-effectiveness of government across 34 OECD countries and develops a measure for public sector efficiency it dubs the Cost-Effectiveness Index. The results reveal that the most efficient public sector is found in South Korea, followed by Luxembourg, Switzerland, Australia, Norway, Chile, Mexico, Canada, the United States, and Japan. At the other end of the spectrum are Poland, Portugal, Greece, Hungary, and Turkey.

• The ratio of General Government Expenditure to GDP in Canada has increased from 22% in 1950 to 41% in 2010

• Numerous studies have found there is a negative relationship between government size and economic growth

• Economic growth is maximized when government spending accounts for approximately 26 per cent of GDP

For link to the report: