Andres Bonifacio and the Katipunan

Features Philippines Jun 8, 2018 at 4:11 pm



Andres Bonifacio was born on November 30, 1863 in a small hut at Calle Azcarraga, presently known as Claro M. Recto Avenue in Tondo, Manila.  His parents were Santiago Bonifacio and Catalina de Castro.

    Andres was the eldest in a brood of five.  His other siblings were Ciriaco, Procopio, Troadio, Esperidiona and Maxima.  He obtained his basic education through a certain Guillermo Osmeña of Cebu.  The Bonifacio family was orphaned when Andres was barely fourteen.  With this, Andres assumed the responsibility of raising his younger siblings.

     In order to support the needs of their family, he maximized his skills in making crafts and sold paper fans and canes.  He also worked as messenger in Fleming & Company.  Eventually, he moved to Fressel & Company, where he worked as warehouse man until 1896.  Poverty never hindered Andres’ thirst for knowledge.  He devoted most of his time reading books while trying to improve his knowledge in the

Spanish and Tagalog language.  The warehouse of Fressel & Company served as his library and study room.

     Andres was married to Gregoria de Jesus who happened to be his second wife.  His first wife – Monica- died of leprosy a year after their marriage.  Gregoria was only sixteen years old and Andres was twenty-nine when their romance sprung.  At first, Gregoria’s parents were against their relationship, but in time, allowed the couple to be married in Catholic rites. The two were married in 1892, both in Catholic and Katipunan rites.  Gregoria chose “Lakambini” as her nom de guerre.

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